Session 2: Economic History

  • Chair: Karl-Friedrich Israel, Western Catholic University/Saarland University
  • Douglas E. French, Mises Institute, “The Panic of 1857 through the Austrian Lens”
  • Patrick Newman, Florida Southern College, “Was There a ‘Long Depression’ or Multiple Depressions in the Post–Civil War Era?”
  • Christian D. Tolino, Conshohocken, MD, “Double Entry Bookkeeping and the Industrial Revolution”