What are the different concepts of financial risk? How do Austrian economists conceive of risk, uncertainty, and probability? Christian Hoffmann, parting ways with Mises, provides a taxonomy and cautions about the predominance of probability statistics in the realm of economics and finance.
There is a type of income effect in Austrian or causal-realist price theory, and the difference between neoclassical and Austrian microeconomics is smaller than has been portrayed, says Karl-Friedrich Israel.
Valuation of businesses must be based on appraisement, investment appraisal, and— terra incognita in Austrian economics—negotiation. Discounted cash flow and "relative valuation" methods are well-suited for negotiation purposes.